How to Make A Necklace. Procedural Text Investigation Provocation

Procedural Text Investigation Provocation

This term in Grade One we are exploring Procedural Texts. The children will be writing a simple procedural text as their assessment piece. To help them explore the structure of Procedural Texts, we have many of our Investigation Areas set up with procedures for the children to read and follow.

Grade One Assessment. Creating a Procedural Text

Links to the Curriculum

One of the most popular Investigation Areas has been the Art and Craft provocation – How to Make a Necklace. When designing a provocation many curriculum objectives are considered. This provocation reinforces many learning intentions:

Literacy

  • Read and comprehend a procedural text.
  • Explore the structure of a procedural text.

Numeracy

  • Create, record and continue a repeating pattern.
  • Counting to 30.
  • One-to-one correspondence.
  • Sorting by size, shape and colour.
  • Functional problem solving.

Science

  • Investigate materials and their properties.

Fine Motor

  • Developing the pincer grip.
  • Translation, shift and rotation refinement.
  • Visual Perception and Discrimination skills.
  • Hand – Eye coordination.

Social and Emotional Skills

  • Sharing, turn taking and cooperation
  • Feeling of success which boosts self-esteem.
Beading Provocation. How to Make a Necklace
Provocation - How to Make a Necklace
Beading promotes fine motor skills
Beading promotes fine motor skills.

Setting Up the Procedural Text Investigation Area

This Investigation Area has been designed to be used by up to 4 children. Many more than 4 children request to work here each day, but it was limited to only 4 at any time. Allowing only a smaller number of children to work in this area encourages the children to take turns and negotiate conflicts. This number is also the perfect size for socialising and encouraging the children to help each other. Designing smaller spaces and limiting the number of children in any Investigation Area helps with engagement, oral language and noise levels.

Resources

A selection of beads in small dishes

Provide acrylic, glass and wooden beads in a variety of sizes, colours and shapes. Present the beads in small clear dishes if possible as this allows the children to visually discriminate between the beads.

A piece of white fabric or card

Placing the small dishes of beads on a piece of white fabric or card is visually appealing and allows the true colours of the beads to be seen. It also encourages the children to keep the space orderly as the bead dishes have an obvious organisational place.

Acrylic beading string

Our strings were purchased pre-cut but it would have been preferable to have the children measure and cut the string length themselves. The acrylic Scoubi string is ideal for beading projects with young children. It doesn’t fray. The string is strong enough that no threading needle is necessary and yet flexible enough to easily knot. This durable string won’t break and the completed necklace hangs nicely around the child’s neck.

4 pieces of felt

The felt makes a great beading work mat. The beads won’t roll off the table and end up in the cleaner’s vacuum cleaner. The children can easily plan their necklace pattern by laying the beads on the felt without the frustration of having their beads roll away. An alternative to felt would be pieces of grip mat.

How to Make a Necklace Procedure

This could be one large poster text on the wall or small individual texts on the table. If you choose to have the smaller texts, ensure you have at least 2 laminated copies. Laminating the procedure or placing it in a plastic sleeve will ensure it stands up to the wear and tear of continued use.

Printed planning sheets

Children will record their planned pattern on these planning sheets. Place them in a tray or basket off to the side. The children will need to access them easily but they should not intrude on the work space. Having them in a tray or basket keeps them confined and again encourages the children to keep the space orderly.

Tin of colouring pencils or crayons

Children record their necklace pattern by colouring the beads on their planning sheet. Ensure the beads you offer have a matching colour pencil or crayon in the tin.

Teaching procedural texts with this play based provocation
How to Make a Necklace. Investigation Area
Scoubi string is perfect for little hands to bead with
Scoubi string is perfect for little fingers to bead with
Felt makes a great mat for beading projects.
A felt mat will stop your beads from rolling away
Free printable planning sheet and procedural text for teaching children procedural texts
Planning Sheet and Procedural text

Download and print your FREE Procedure and Planning Sheet straight away to have this Investigation Area up and running in your classroom today!

If you would like these free resources, you might like to join My Teaching Cupboard’s Email Group. I don’t send out emails very often though. You will get access to my FREE Resource Library when you sign up. In the FREE Resource LIbrary, you’ll find the Necklace Planning Sheets and the Procedure for How To Make a Necklace along with some other resources I know you’ll find useful.

Free printable planning sheet and procedural text for teaching children procedural texts
STEAM activities for the Early Childhood Classroom

STEAM Activities

Looking for STEAM activities to challenge your children?

I designed 30 STEAM activities presented as stimulus prompt cards. They engage and challenge my children as they explore concepts in Science, Technology, Engineering, Art and Math. STEAM activities take STEM activities to the next level. The A (Arts) gives children the opportunity to develop their creative thinking skills alongside their critical thinking skills.

STEAM classroom

Why teach STEAM?

STEAM activities are gaining popularity in today’s classrooms.  They give children opportunities to develop the skills that will be essential in their future. Employers will be sourcing workers with STEAM capabilities. It makes sense to be developing these skills early.

The STEAM curriculum is highly engaging. Children love the challenges of solving problems and approach these activities with enthusiasm.  The activities provide opportunities for hands-on learning and integrate seamlessly into the play based classroom.

Another benefit of incorporating STEAM activities into the classroom is the social aspect. Children are encouraged to collaborate to solve a problem and create a new way of expressing their ideas. Both social skills and oral language skills are always a focus in an early childhood classroom and STEAM challenges are an ideal way to foster them.

The process of working together allows children to learn from each and see solutions they may not have independently thought of. Higher order thinking skills are developed through STEAM activities and include both critical and creative thinking skills.

It’s important to remember the process is the focus of any STEAM activity. The end product is not as important as how it was created. The journey is where the learning happens.

The beauty of STEAM activities is that everyone has something to offer. Everyone can succeed. The activities are innately differentiated. As they do in play, children will work in their zone of proximal development.

What it Looks Like in My Classroom

Whole Class STEAM Challenges

Once a week I timetable in a whole class STEAM challenge. I display the specific prompt straight from the .pdf file onto our interactive panel.

Sometimes the children work individually but more often I have them work with a friend. I like them working collaboratively. Sometimes the children choose their partner and sometimes I choose for them. I usually tell the children who their partner will be as I have noticed if a more able student works with a less able, everyone stays engaged and greater learning takes place.

STEAM prompt for whole class lesson

Later in the year, after the children are familiar with the STEAM activities, I might put 3 children together. However, this changes the whole dynamics and sometimes has one child as a spectator so I prefer groups of 2. Collaboration is important as social skills are fostered during STEAM work.

Link STEAM to the Curriculum

I plan a STEAM challenge with the curriculum learning intentions in mind. I decide if I want a Math, English or Science focus. Here are a few examples of some of our challenges:

Math

  • How many ways can you represent this number using these resources?
  • How many ways can you represent this shape?
  • Use these materials to make a ruler.
  • Use the materials to make a tool to measure length.

 

English

  • Use these resources to make this book character.
  • Make the setting from this book with these resources.
  • Design an object that has the /ow/ sound in its name.

 

I set a time limit on their working time. This helps with engagement and creates a sense of urgency. When the timer goes, we all down tools and I nearly always get complaints! I set the timer for 15 to 20 minutes and give 5 minute and 1 minute warnings.  Before I press start on the timer, I remind children to think about how they will be representing their knowledge. I like to give the partners a chance to discuss and plan first.

What resources should you offer?

The resources I provide are planned and already prepared. If I’m organised, they are compiled into clip-lock bags. At other times, I put trays or baskets containing the resources around the room and the children are given time to collect the supplies themselves. This happens before the timer starts. Always check each group has the correct supplies before that timer starts.

I have compiled a comprehensive list of resources that I use for my STEAM challenges. You can download the full list for FREE in my Resource Library. If you would like a couple of pages from the full list, I have a sample here.

I use resources that are readily available in early childhood classrooms and if not, they can be purchased cheaply.

DOWNLOAD a Free sample of My Teaching Cupboard's FREE STEAM Resources List
List of easily accessible classroom resources I use in my STEAM Challenges.
Full List of STEAM Resources

If you liked the sample list of resources, you might like to join My Teaching Cupboard’s Email Group. I don’t send out emails very often though. You will get access to my FREE Resource Library when you sign up. In the FREE Resource LIbrary, you’ll find the full STEAM resource list along with some other resources I know you’ll find useful.

4 Steps in Planning Resources

1. Building Base: When planning the resources to provide in a STEAM activity, I always have 1 or 2 construction materials. These act as a building base. Paper, card or playdough are common. I have many more options in the free download list though. You can easily alter these base materials by changing their attributes. Think about changing the size, shape, colour or texture of paper offered.

2. Joiners: Next, I’ll choose something the children can use to join the base materials. Glue, tape, string or wire perhaps. Again, these can be altered. Glue could be either a glue stick, PVA in a squeeze bottle or maybe a tub of Clag. Tape might be cello-tape, masking tape or washi tape. These are usually included in their clip-lock bag but sometimes I will just tell the children they are free to use glue if they wish. It is interesting to see which glue they use when given that option.

3. Tools: Then I add something that can alter the base building material. Scissors or paper punches might be an option for paper and card. If you are having a focus on measuring in Math, add a ruler as a tool. Pop sticks and toothpicks make great little tools to alter playdough.

4. Creative Oddball: Finally, I add a creative oddball. This inclusion takes the activity from a STEM to a STEAM challenge. I’ll usually look at the collage trolley for some inspiration. I might include a black and a white feather, or 3 pompoms of different sizes, or maybe even all of these. The children are not always required to use every resource I provide unless of course I make that a rule at the start. They are not allowed to use any other materials or tools other than those I provide though.

Each group gets exactly the same resources.

You might like to repeat the challenge the following week but change the materials supplied. This benefits the children by helping them build on prior knowledge. You will notice them incorporate newly learned ideas a second time around.

Sharing time

It is very important to review and reflect on the STEAM challenge with the children. This reflection helps the children process their learning and thinking. When the timer goes, we stop building immediately. After the initial “Ohhh Nooo!”, we clean up our work space. Then the children are free to walk around and observe other teams results. I often hearing them question each other or offer some constructive feedback to one another.

We will then return to the carpet meeting place and have a class discussion reflecting on the task. Some points we might discuss include:

  • How effective were the materials for this task?
  • What’s another material you would have liked included?
  • What problems did you face? How did you tackle that problem?
  • What was successful for you? Why?
  • Was there too much time allowed or not enough?
  • What would you change next time?
  • Did you see a great idea from another team?
STEAM challenge. Can you build a castle?
STEAM challenge. Can you make a tree?
STEAM challenge. Can you make a pyramid?

Investigation Prompts

I have a play-based classroom. The STEAM activity cards I have designed play a vital role as provocations in my investigation areas.

I use them regularly at the play dough table, in the box construction area, at the wooden blocks, with lego and at the collage table. The prompt card I choose to display always relates to a current curriculum learning intention. I plan and design specific provocations around both the learning intention and the resources I have.

3D Shape Provocation:   When we were learning about 3D shapes, I set up this provocation on a small table. Desert sand (purchased at the pet shop) was placed in a tray. Next to the tray, I offered some small wooden blocks, some glass gems and a few pop sticks and matchsticks. These resources were presented in bowls next to the prompt card on display. I try to add something which is not obviously related to the task (like the glass gems). It’s interesting to see whether the children choose to use that material and what they do with it.

STEAM challenge. Pyramid building prompt.
STEAM Challenge. Farm prompt

Farm Provocation:   When we were learning about living things and their habitats,  I added this STEAM prompt to our blocks construction area. I offered some farm animals, blocks, fabric and stones. Sometimes the children will get a resource from another part of the classroom and I encourage that resourceful thinking. These STEAM challenges are not as strict as the whole class activities.

Another strategy I have found useful is to take the STEAM prompt from a whole class challenge and then place it in an investigation area the following week. This is a wonderful way to have children expand their thinking and build on what they learned in the whole class lesson.

Looking for STEAM activities to challenge your children?

You will love these 30 STEAM cards. I designed them as stimulus prompts for children exploring concepts in Science, Technology, Engineering, Art and Math. These inviting prompts will help your children develop their higher order thinking skills by challenging them to think both creatively and critically.

You will receive a .pdf file containing 30 STEAM Prompt cards. They are presented in A4 format but can easily be reduced in size by choosing the tiled option on your printer. You might like to print 2 or 4 to a page. I do recommend printing them at a high quality to achieve the stunning quality.

The 10 essential areas of a play based classroom

The 10 Essential Areas of A Play Based Classroom

In my play based classroom there are 10 essential learning areas. I cannot do without them. The provocations and resources offered in these areas change throughout the year dependent on children’s interests and the curriculum intent. The placement of these 10 areas within the classroom is thoughtfully planned at the beginning of each year. I don’t usually move the areas around the classroom throughout the year.  Very often an area will have multiple objectives and will include cross-curricular experiences. When adding provocations to each area, the original purpose for that space guides what is offered there.

1. Carpet Space and Meeting Area

This area is always as large as I can possibly get away with. We play a variety of circle games. You need a large carpet space to comfortably fit a whole class seated in a circle. The carpet space includes my teacher chair, teaching easel or whiteboard and our interactive panel. Any resources I need for whole class lessons are within easy reach. I don’t teach very many whole class lessons but when I do, they happen on this carpet space.

2. Block Construction

Wooden block play is a staple in most play based classrooms. You need a reasonable space large enough for 4 or 5 children to build together or individually. I place the shelf holding the wooden blocks and loose parts along one side of the carpet space we use as a meeting area.  That large carpet space isn’t wasted then. It serves a dual purpose. During Investigation time, it is used for block constructions and during focused teaching time, it serves as a meeting place.

block construction in a play based classroom
Add fabric to block construction area
3. Dramatic Play

The dramatic play space is another area requiring quite a bit of room. This play based area is where oral language, social skills and problem solving are refined. It is always a popular space so it needs to accommodate at least 4 children.

The props in the dramatic play area tend to take up a lot of space so I position it in a large corner of the classroom. Position the dramatic play space in a corner so 2 walls are available to display environmental print. I usually use a small gazebo to define the space. The gazebo makes it easy to create a third wall by hanging a sheet or curtain from the frame. The roof of the gazebo also makes the space cozy and helps reduce noise.

4. Writing Table

This literacy area has a large table or group of tables preferably seating 6 to 8 children. I need this many seats because I use this table as my explicit teaching table during small group instruction later in the day. Next to this large writing table I have a 16 cube Ikea KALLAX shelving unit. This is a great room divider and defines the space beautifully. All our writing tools are stored on this shelving unit. Pens, paper, envelopes, sticky-notes, journals, list pads, magnetic letters, small blackboards & whiteboards, dictionaries etc are all accessible for the children to use as they wish at the writing table. I store a few of my literacy teaching tools on the top shelves.

class writing area in play based classroom
Library reading corner in my reggio inspired classroom
5. Reading Area

Our cozy reading area provides another literacy space in the classroom. I have a wooden single bed base with a light mattress and a number of pillows and cushions. A low light lamp and a net canopy is a must for this area to create a cozy atmosphere. This is a quiet space so I like to position it away from the louder spaces like dramatic play. I like to position the bed along a wall so that the cushions can be supported along the length of the bed. In Winter I add a couple of little soft blankets. There are usually a few teddy bears waiting on the bed too.

The books are stored on a low bookcase. This bookcase is the same length as the bed so I position it in line with the bed and place a rug on the floor to help define the space. The bed takes up space in the room and I have often thought of replacing it with a much smaller sofa or some large floor cushions but the children just love the coziness the bed creates. The bed comes in handy when a child isn’t feeling well or just needs a little calm down time. I think it’s worthwhile.

Autumn Provocation from My Teaching Cupboard
6. Science and Nature Table

Children love collecting treasures they find in nature. Our nature table gives a home to these collections. I add interesting pieces I have collected too. We usually have mealworms, caterpillars or a fish on this table. It is important for children to have some type of living thing to look after and observe.

The items here are changed around quite regularly to sustain the children’s interest in the area. Items related to our current  Science Unit are setup at this table too. Magnifying glasses, clipboards, bug-catchers and other scientific tools are either stored on the table or on a small bookcase close by.

7. Art & Collage Area

Very often this area actually turns into 2 or 3 smaller areas throughout the room. I always have a box construction space. Sometimes that is just a very large box storing recycled treasures like boxes, tubes, unusual packaging – you know the traditional junk! The large storage box can be placed next to a small table where the children can work on their creations. Very close by on an open shelf, I store our art construction materials: glue, tape, scissors, crayons, various paper and card.

Painting easels could be added close to this space but I usually put 1 or 2 outside on the verandah. I have another small table inside dedicated to painting or drawing where different art mediums are offered for experimentation. These would include, pastels, watercolours, charcoal or drawing pencils. Sometimes I add tabletop easels to these tables to vary the experience.

The traditional collage trolley would live in this space too. Recently I have been using the collage trolley in another part of the classroom as a sensory play space. A large shallow underbed storage tray fits perfectly in the top of the trolley and I can fill that tray with a variety of sensory invitations (water, sand, rice).

A small selection of collage items can be found on the open bookshelf housing the construction materials at the box construction area. I only offer a limited selection of collage items (cotton balls, glitter, sequins, pipe-cleaners, straws etc) on this shelf. They are presented and organised in small clear boxes. The children are aware of all the collage items stored away in our storeroom.  They will ask for specific collage items if they need them and I can easily get what they need from the storeroom. I found it very time consuming and somewhat wasteful constantly topping up the trays on our old collage trolley. The collage items seemed to be just randomly glued onto a box or a piece of paper. Having them stored away seems to make their creations a little more purposeful.

painting table in play based classroom
box construction in play based classroom
art area in play based classroom
Maths Sorting Provocation from My Teaching Cupboard
math investigation area
8. Maths Area

I have a small table in the maths area but it’s not absolutely necessary. You can get away with just having a resource storage space for all the math tools: counters, dice, measuring tapes, manipulatives etc.  Math learning opportunities arise in all play areas of the classroom. Having a designated space to store tools that may be used throughout the room is all the children need to incorporate math learning into their investigations.

I like having a small math table or tray inviting children to investigate and practise the mathematical concepts we have been learning. The provocations I setup on the table vary according to the math concepts we are focusing on in class. Adding a sensory stimulus to the table will help with engagement and memory. I use this table during focused teaching lessons to demonstrate and teach our current math learning intentions too.

9. Tinkering

The tinkering area is a place where children can develop their fine motor and engineering skills. A small table with real tools and safety equipment for the children to use is always inviting. They can dismantle old broken household items or tinker with nuts & bolts, small engineering kits or small construction toys like meccano or lego. It is generally placed off to the side of the classroom and is only a small table for 1 or 2 children.

Play dough provocation with printable flowers
colour provocation at the light table
10. Sensory Play Area

Sensory experiences are embedded in all the areas of my play based classroom and then I also have at least 2 other areas specifically designed around sensory play. Sensory play acts as a magnet to children. Everything we learn about our world comes through our senses. This area is very important for cognitive and emotional development. Fine motor skills are also refined through sensory play. It can sometimes be a messy play space so it is best to set it up on the vinyl or outside on the verandah.

I have a light table permanently set up in the classroom. It is a very calming sensory play area. I change the provocations at the light table every 2 or 3 weeks. This allows me to design provocations linked to the curriculum. It also keeps the children interested and engaged in this space.

Another permanent sensory play area is the play dough table. It is set up at another small table in a quiet area of the room. I try to place this area on the vinyl as pieces of play dough always find their way to the floor.  We call it the play dough table but it doesn’t always have play dough on offer. Clay and plasticine are some of the malleable materials rotated through this area.

Sensory trays are very often included in the play investigations. They can take the form of a water trough on the verandah or the large under-bed storage tray in my repurposed collage trolley. A couple of small individual trays on a table can form part of our sensory play area too. There are many options for the provocations you can offer in a sensory tray.

You can read more about sensory play and how to use the sensory experience of play dough to teach phonics here on my blog.